Scholars, however, argue that Ethiopian was a common term used for black Africans, and that the Queen Candace served by this official actually ruled in nearby Nubia (modern Sudan).The word "Candace" may also refer to the position of "queen" rather than to a specific person.
The Orthodox Tewahedo Church was part of the Coptic Orthodox Church until 1959, when it was granted its own Patriarch by Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of All Africa Cyril VI.
Pinpointing a date as to when Christianity emerged in Ethiopia is uncertain.
The earliest and best known reference to the introduction of Christianity is in the New Testament (Acts -38) when Philip the Evangelist converted an Ethiopian court official in the 1st Century AD.
The kings and bishops who encouraged these settlements assigned missionaries to appropriate areas in Aksum.
They donated money to communities and religious schools while protecting their occupants from local anti-Christians.